Special Use Permit (no form). In split estate where BLM is the surface management (the mineral estate was not reserved to the Federal government), a special use permit, usually, a rights of way (ROW) is required to occupy the surface. The drilling permit will be approved by the appropriate State agency.
Split estates where BLM is the surface managing agency but does not own the subsurface mineral resource (the mineral estate was not reserved to the Federal government)
Statute or Regulations:
Geothermal Steam Act (30 USC 1001 et seq.); Federal Land Policy Management Act (43 USC 1701 et seq.); Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Pub. L. 109‐58)